Comparison of the Effectiveness of Modern and Traditional Games on Improving Children’s Acquired Skills in Two Cultures of Iran and Turkey

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Industrial design, Kish International Campus, University of Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Industrial Design, Art and Architecture Faculty, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran.


Changes in societies and lifestyles have influenced the extrinsic conditions and partially the content of the play. The changes that are happening now are in the world of children’s games, namely traditional games until they have switched to more modern games. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of traditional and modern games on children’s skills in facing them. In order to examine this issue, two countries, Turkey and Iran, which have many cultural commonalities, were chosen as a case study. At first, a collection of the most popular traditional and modern games was examined. After studying all aspects of traditional and modern games, using library resources, six games including three traditional and three modern games were selected. In the second phase, 30 parents randomly were selected (15 Iranian and 15 Turkish, men and women between 35-45). The Repertory Grid Technique (RGT) questionnaire was developed accordingly. The data were analyzed using the RepPlus and Idiogrid software by two distance-based main methods: Cluster Analysis and Principle Components Analysis (PCA). At the end of the study, it was found that 1. Iranian parents pay more attention to traditional games and maintain their values in their children’s lifestyles than modern games, 2. The high pace of the modern era’s impacts on children’s lifestyles in Turkey is more than in Iran, 3. Contrary to the common opinion in most societies about the negative effects of modern games on children's lifestyles, these games can improve many skills in children.


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