%0 Journal Article
%T The Effect of Design Expertise on Solving Different Problems: An Exploratory Study
%J Journal of Design Thinking
%I University of Tehran- Kish International Campus
%Z 2645-3304
%A Gilani, Mohaddeseh
%A Pourmohammadi, Morteza
%D 2021
%\ 12/01/2021
%V 2
%N 2
%P 147-160
%! The Effect of Design Expertise on Solving Different Problems: An Exploratory Study
%K Keywords: Design problem
%K Problem solving
%K Problem -Solution index
%K design cognition
%R 10.22059/jdt.2021.323618.1057
%X Abstract: This paper presents empirical evidence of the designersâ€™ cognitive activities while solving different problems. We hypothesise that learning design problem solving also affects the way students tackle non-design problems. Eight senior students from industrial design major and eight senior students from other (non-design) majors were recruited. Sixteen protocols were recorded and analysed in total with each protocol involving two subjects working as a team. Each group was asked to solve two problems: a design problem and a non-design problem. The design problem was chosen to fully correspond to the characteristics of a classic design problem and the non-design problem was chosen to miss a few aspects of design and, hence, become less designerly. The Protocols were, then, processed using FBS-based coding scheme. The cumulative distribution of the FBS codes across the protocols along with the problem-solution (P/S) index was used to analyse and compare the cohorts. The results of this study indicated that the protocols from solving a design problem have a higher variation of the P/S index. Furthermore, the study found similarities in the strategies used by designers to solve design and non-design problems.
%U https://jdt.ut.ac.ir/article_86105_e0d924f82daf1b7a4bbe92ff43159fe4.pdf